common terminology on Information Security CEH v10 – 1

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What are the most common or valuable terms on information security ? ‘terminology

Hack value: means when something is worth doing or is interesting for any reason, for example steal information, etc.

Exist three terms that are related,

1. Vulnerability: which is an existence of -weakness -design or -implementation error any of those can lead to an unexpected event compromising the severity of the system.

2. Exploit: is like the gate or a “breach” of IT system security through vulnerabilities.

3. Payload: Once you recognize the vulnerability, also the exploit (way to access) now is turn for the payload, which is the code or task that performs malicious actions. For example: back doors, hijacking PC’s etc.

One common today, is the “ZERO DAY ATTACK“, which is an attack that exploits computer application vulnerabilities before the software developer releases a patch for that vulnerability.


Bot, is a piece of malicious software (app) that can be controlled remotely to execute or automate preferred task, like (DDoS Attacks, Keylogging, spying etc).
BOTNET, is a huge network already compromised with systems that can be used by an intruder to perform various attacks.

Finally, we can conclude for now, with “Daisy Chaining” and “Doxing“,

Daisy Chaining, involves gaining access to one network and/or computer and then using the same information to gain access to multiple networks and computers that contain desirable information.

Doxing is when somebody publish personal information from other person collected from publicly available databases and social media.

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