Linux Structure – LFCS EDX 1

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Basically Linux OS uses a FSH which means “FileSystem Hierarchy Standard“, which allow you to organize all data and information in one specific order.

Benefit? Linux use the same FHS for a lot of family’s and distributions, so, if you learn the structure of Ubuntu for example, will be the same that Red Hat uses, so you should not need to relearn how the operating system is organized.


Notes: Linux uses the character “/” to separate the path of the folders, hard drives etc., Windows OS uses “\”, also, another difference between both OS related to storage is that for hard drives, Windows OS uses letters, Linux uses a combination of letters and the also the format is different.

Windows OS




-show current path-

[root@ebsconnectors /]# pwd


-show structure-

[root@ebsconnectors /]# ls

bin  boot  dev  etc  home  lib  lib64  media  mnt  opt  proc  root  run  sbin  srv  sys  tmp  usr  var

Some distros change a little the structure but are minimum changes and depend on the OS version, so, you will see something similar to the previous example.

Example: CentOS

[root@ebsconnectors etc]# cat centos-release

CentOS Linux release 7.2.1511 (Core)

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